Birding Nature-tour in Brunei / Borneo

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Brunei in Brief

First and foremost, on behalf of His Majesty The Sultan of Brunei, peoples of Brunei and our organization Jungle Dave Eco Tourism it is with great pleasure warmly welcoming you to our blessing country Brunei Darussalam which means “Brunei the abode of Peace”

Brunei is located in the Northwest corner of Borneo with a total land area of 5,765 square kilometres covered by 78% pristine tropical rainforest. With six major distinct forest types, including some of South East Asia’s best preserved old-growth mangrove, lowland dipterocarp rainforest and peat swamp forest, Brunei forests represent highly complex and biologically diverse ecosystems worth preserving for their potential towards bio-technology, scientific research, nature studies, ecotourism and for the conservation of a national heritage to share with the world and preserve for future generations.    

It’s bordered by the two Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak to the east, west and Kalimantan (Indonesia) to the south. Rainfall and humidity are high, with temperatures averaging 28 degrees Celsius throughout the year.

Brunei is divided into four districts; Brunei – Muara, Tutong, Belait and Temburong.

Brunei is a Malay Muslim Monarchy; the country is ruled according to Islamic values and traditions by the present monarch, His Majesty Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu’izzaddin Waddaulah. His Majesty the Sultan is the 29th ascendant of one of the world’s oldest continuously reigning royal line, with over 500 years of recorded history.

Brunei population is over four hundred thousand and roughly two-thirds of the population is Malay; the rest are Chinese or members of indigenous tribes. Malay is our country official language and English is widely spoken and understood.

Brunei is a safe country to visit its warm welcoming and friendly peoples make visitors feel at home.



‘Project Habitat’ is in the fruit farm also Brunei Darussalam oldest local fruits farm since 1983 located in Tutong District.
The place named Mungkom is taken from the local Mungkom Durian fruit. One of the oldest Mungkom durian tree is believe to be over 100 years old. The fruits farms owned by 39 individual farmers from the Kampong Kiudang Mungkom include Ketua Kampong.

Just to name a few of the planted local tropical fruits;

Not Sustainable Industry
The fruits trees have been planted by our local community great grandfather, father to newer generation that is us and fruit farming have become the villager’s tradition. Even though the fruits trees are fully matured and have produce fruits. Never or less its does not provide sustainable industry or income to
the local farmers and could not provide job opportunity for the local youth as it’s seasonal.Because of that farmer face difficulty to cope with their expenses of high cost to keep their fruit farm going.

Finding Other Alternative Industry
Farmers group have to find other alternative industry to maintain, covering expenses and continuing their fruit farming tradition.
Since KPLB Meriuk Fruit Farm is surrounded by beautiful pristine lowland hill forest, small cave, waterfalls and with constant visit by wild animals and amazing species birds. We (Farmers Group) decided to venture in to Eco Conservation Tourism as the area is rich with flora fauna biodiversity who would attract many locals and overseas visitors coming to experience, explore the natural beauty of our Brunei rainforest biodiversity.

With that we (Farmers Group) are committed to conduct difference and want to manage Eco Conservation Tourism in related to Brunei Heart of Borneo (Hob) initiative. We committed to manage in full time not just for eco tourism but protecting the forest flora fauna biodiversity, conserve, and rehabilitate the forest which were heavily burn during forest fire in 1997’.

We name our project “Project Habitat”. It is with that project name we started to conduct fauna survey assisted by local experience naturalist guide. The first surveys were in the whole fruits farm area of birds and mammals species. The survey covered, forest edge, contour, roadside, lowland forest, stream, swamp, hill forest, and nocturnal wildlife.

Bird & Mammals Fauna Biodiversity Survey for Eco Tourism
We have conducted birds and mammals fauna biodiversity survey for our eco conservation tourism products. The survey were conduct since 1st March to 31st October 2015

International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Mammals Conservation Status
Our forest is rich in Fauna Biodiversity
which currently home to 41 - mammals species includes
6 - Borneo Endemic
4 – Endangered
2 – Critical Endangered
3 - Near Threatened
8 –Vulnerable (Vulnerable mean near extinction)

Current Mammals Check List
The field guide to the Mammals of Borneo books were used for Fauna identifies Survey and IUCN for red list or threatens species. The surveys shown below are based on spotting using binocular/camera with or without photograph.

Above 173 birds fauna species includes IUCN Red List conservation status
9 - Borneo endemic
1 - Endangered
29 - Near threatened
5 - Vulnerable

Current Bird check list
1 Eurasian Tree Sparrow--- Passer montanus
2 Java Sparrow ---Padda oryzivora Vulnerable
3 Olive-Backed Pipit ---Anthus hodgsoni
4 Richard's Pipit ----Anthus richardi
5 Yellow Wagtail ----Motacilla flava
6 *Dusky Munia--- Lonchura fuscans Endemic
7 Chestnut Munia ---Lonchura atricapilla
8 Long-Billed Spiderhunter ----Arachnothera robusta
9 Grey-Breasted Spiderhunter ----Arachnothera modesta
10 Little Spiderhunter ----Arachnothera longirostra
11 Spectacled Spiderhunter ----Arachnothera flavigaster
12 Yellow-Eared Spiderhunter---- Arachnothera chrysogenys
13 Collared Kingfisher ----Todiramphus chloris
14 Ruddy Kingfisher ----Halcyon coromanda
15 Blue-Eared Kingfisher ----Alcedo meninting
16 Stork-Billed Kingfisher ----Pelargopsis capensis
17 Rufous Backed Kingfisher ----Ceyx rufidorsa rufidorsa
18 Blue-Throated Bee-Eater ----Merops viridis
19 Red-Bearded Bee-Eater ----Nyctyornis amictus
20 *Crested Fireback ----Lophura ignita Endemic/ Near Threatened
21 *Bulwer's Pheasant ----Lophura bulweri Endemic/Vulnerable
22 Roulroul ----Rollulus rouloul ----Near Threatened
23 Great Argus ----Argusianus argus Near Threatened
24 Lesser Adjutant ----Leptoptilos javanicus Vulnerable
25 Cattle Egret ----Bubulcus ibis
26 Great Egret ----Ardea alba
27 Little Egret ----Egretta garzetta
28 White-Breasted Waterhen ----Amaurornis phoenicurus
29 Spotted Dove ----Streptopelia chinensis
30 Emerald Dove ----Chalcophaps indica
31 Zebra Dove ----Geopelia striata
32 Large Green Pigeon ----Treron capellei Vulnerable
33 Little Green Pigeon ----Treron olax
34 Cinnamon-Headed Green Pigeon ----Treron fulvicollis
35 Pink-Necked Green Pigeon ----Treron vernans
36 Green Imperial Pigeon---- Ducula aenea
37 Grey Imperial Pigeon ----Ducula pickeringii Vulnerable
38 Blue-Rumped Parrot ----Psittinus cyanurus Near Threatened
39 Blue-Crowned Hanging Parrot ----Loriculus galgulus
40 Long-Tailed Parakeet ----Psittacula longicaula Near Threatened
41 Moustached Hawk-Cuckoo ----Hierococcyx vagans Near Threatened
42 Oriental Cuckoo ----Cuculus optatus
43 Violet Cuckoo ----Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus
44 Indian Cuckoo ----Cuculus micropterus
45 Plaintive Cuckoo ----Cacomantis merulinus
46 Square-Tailed Drongo-Cuckoo ----Surniculus lugubris
47 Lesser Cuckoo-Shrike ----Coracina fimbriata
48 Greater Coucal ----Centropus sinensis
49 Lesser Coucal ----Centropus bengalensis
50 Buffy Fish Owl ----Ketupa ketupu
51 Collared Scops Owl ----Otus bakkamoena
52 Oriental Bay Owl ----Phodilus badius
53 Asian Palm Swift ----Cypsiurus balasienis
54 Pacific Swift ----Apus pacificus
55 House Swift ----Apus nipalensis
56 Glossy Swift ----Collocalia esculenta
57 Silver-Rumped Spinetail ----Rhaphidura leucopygialis
58 Diard's Trogon ----Harpactes diardii Near Threatened
59 Oriental Pied Hornbill---- Anthracoceros albirostris
60 Asian Black Hornbill ----Anthracoceros malay pnus Near Threatened
61 Wrinkled Hornbill ----Aceros corrugatus Near Threatened
62 Rhinoceros Hornbill ----Buceros rhinoceros Near Threatened
63 White-Crowned Hornbill ----Aceros comatus Near Threatened
64 Wreathed Hornbill ----Rhyticeros undulatus
65 Helmeted Hornbill ----Buceros vigil Near Threatened
66 Red-Crowned Barbet ----Megalaima rafflesii Near Threatened
67 Red-Throated Barbet ----Megalaima mystacophanos Near Threatened
68 Blue-Eared Barbet ----Megalaima australis
69 *Bornean Brown Barbet ----Calorhamphus fuliginosus Sabah/Brunei Race
70 Rufous Piculet ----Sasia abnormis
71 Black-And-Red Broadbill ----Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos
72 Black-And-Yellow Broadbill ----Eurylaimus ochromalus Near Threatened
73 Dollarbird ----Eurystomus orientalis
74 *Bornean Banded Pitta ----Pitta schwaneri Endemic
75 Garnet Pitta Pitta ----granatina Near Threatened
76 Giant Pitta Pitta ----caerulea Near Threatened
77 Common Iora ----Aegithina tiphia
78 Green Iora ----Aegithina viridissima Near Threatened
79 Lesser Green Leafbird ----Chloropsis cyanopogon Near Threatened
80 Greater Green Leafbird ----Chloropsis sonnerati
81 Blue-Winged Leafbird ----Chloropsis cochinchinensis
82 *Bornean Leafbird ----Chloropsis kinabaluensis Endemic
83 Pied Triller ----Lalage nigra
84 Velvet-Fronted Nuthatch ----Sitta frontalis
85 Greater Racquet-Tailed Drongo ----Dicrurus paradiseus
86 Bronzed Drongo ----Dicrurus aeneus
87 Slender-Billed Crow ----Corvus enca
88 Large-Billed Crow Corvus ----macrorhynchos
89 *Bornean Bristlehead ----Pityriasis gymnocephala Endemic/Near Threatened
90 White-Breasted Woodswallow ----Artamus leucorhynchus
91 Barn Swallow ----Hirundo rustica
92 Pacific Swallow ----Hirundo tahitica
93 Rufous-Tailed Tailorbird ----Orthotomus sericeus
94 Red-Headed Tailotbird ----Orthotomus ruficeps
95 Yellow-Bellied Prinia ----Prinia flaviventris
96 Black-Headed-Bulbul ----Pycnonotus atriceps atriceps
97 Hairy-Backed Bulbul ----Tricholestes criniger
98 Olive-Winged Bulbul ----Pycnonotus plumosus
99 Yellow-Vented Bulbul ----Pycnonotus goiavier
100 Yellow – Bellied Bulbul ----Criniger phaeocephalus
101 Red-Eyed Bulbul -----Pycnonotus brunneus
102 Spectacled Bulbul ----Pycnonotus erythrophthalmos
103 Hairy-Backed Bulbul ----Tricholestes criniger
104 Striated Grassbird ----Megalurus palustris
105 White-Chested Babbler ----Trichastoma rostratum Near Threatened
106 Black-Throated Babbler ----Stachyris nigricollis Near Threatened
107 Chestnut-Winged Babbler ----Stachyris erythroptera
108 Chestnut-Backed Scimitar-Babbler ----Pomatorhinus mantanus
109 Hill Myna ----Gracula religiosa
110 Common Myna---- Acridotheres tristis
111 Asian Glossy Starling ----Aplonis panayensis
112 Oriental Magpie Robin ----Copsychus saularis pluto
113 Oriental Magpie Robin ----copsychus saularis musicus
114 Bornean Black Magpie ----Platysmurus atterimus Endemic
115 White-Rumped Shama---- Copsychus malabaricus
116 Pied Fantail ----Rhipidura javanica
117 Rufous-Winged Philentoma ----Philentoma pyrhopterum
118 Orange-Bellied Flowerpecker---- Dicaeum trigonostigma
119 Scarlet-Headed Flowerpecker---- Dicaeum trochileum
120 Plain Flowerpecker ----Dicaeum concolor
121 Scarlet-Backed Flowerpecker ----Dicaeum cruentatum
122 *Yellow-Rumped Flowerpecker---- Prionochilus xanthopygius Endemic
123 Brown-Backed Flowerpecker ----Dicaeum Everett Near Threatened
124 Yellow-Vented Flowerpecker ----Dicaeum chrysorrheum
125 Purple-Throated Sunbird ----Nectarinia sperata
126 Copper-Throated Sunbird ----Nectarinia calcostetha
127 Olive-Backed Sunbird ----Nectarinia jugularis
128 Eastern Crimson Sunbird ----Aethopyga siparaja
129 Plain Sunbird ----Anthreptes simplex
130 Red-Throated Sunbird ----Anthreptes rhodolaema Near Threatened
131 Borwn-Throated Sunbird ----Anthreptes malacensis
132 Rubycheek ----Chalcoparia singalensis
133 Whiskered Treeswift ----Hemiprocne comate
134 Buff-Rumped Woodpecker ----Meiglyptes tristis
135 White-Bellied Woodpecker ----Dryocopus javensis
136 Grey-Capped Woodpecker ----Dendrocopus canicapillus
137 Grey-And-Buff Woodpecker ----Hemicircus concretus
138 Banded Woodpecker ----Picus miniaceus
139 Rufous Woodpecker ----Celeus brachyurus
140 Asian Paradise-Flycatcher ----Terpsiphone paradisi
141 Mangrove Blue Flycatcher ----Cyornis rufigastra
142 Grey-Streaked Flycatcher ----Muscicapa griseistica
143 Black-Winged Flycatcher-Shrike ----Hemipus hirundinaceus
144 Brown Fulvetta ----Alcippe brunneicauda Near Threatened
145 Black-Naped Monarch ----Hypothymis azurea
146 Common Flameback ----Dinopium javanense
147 Asian Fairy-Bluebird ----Irena puella
148 Crow-Billed Drongo ----Dicrurus annectans
149 Hen Harrier---- Circus cyaneus
150 Brahminy Kite ----Haliastur Indus
151 Changeable Hawk-Eagle ----Spizaetus cirrhatus
152 Oriental Honey Buzzard ----Pernis ptilorhynchus orientalis
153 Black Eagle ----Ictinaetus malayensis
154 Crested Serpent Eagle ----Spilornis cheela
155 Grey-Headed Fish Eagle---- Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus Near Threatened
156 Osprey ----Pandion haliaetus
157 White-Bellied Sea-Eagle ----Haliaeetus leucogaster
158 Japanese Sporrowhawk---- Accipiter gularis
159 Lesser Fish Eagle ----Ichthyophaga humilis Near Threatened
160 Blyth's Hawk-Eagle ----Spizaetus alboniger
161 Black-Thighed Falconet ----Microhierax fringillarius
162 Grey-Faced Buzzard ----Butastur indicus
163 Schrenck's Bittern ----Ixobrychus eurhythmus
164 Yellow Bittern ----Ixobrychus sinensis
165 Black Bittern ----Dupetor flavicollis
166 Storm's Stork ----Ciconia stormi Endangered
167 Red-Billed Malkoha ----Phaenicophaeus javanicus
168 Chestnut-Breasted Malkoha ----Phaenicophaeus curvirostris
169 Raffles's Malkoha ----Phaenicophaeus chlorophaeus
170 Black-Bellied Malkoha ----Phaenicophaeus diardi Near Threatened
171 Chestnut-Bellied Malkoha ----Phaenicophaeus sumatranus Near Threatened
172 Rusty-Rumped Warbler ----Locustella certhiola
173 Malaysian Honeyguide---- Indicator archipelagicus

Please note that the numbers of fauna are still increasing as new mammals and birds species are continue to add in to the list by observer sighting.
Lot’s more to survey that will include amphibians, reptiles, Insects, Butterflies, Odonata, and not forgetting flora biodiversity.

Gazette the forest for protection
Our vision is to hope the forest area would be able to be gazette enable for
the forest flora fauna biodiversity to be protected and properly managed by our company which is local community.
As stated at above although the current fauna survey is short but the forest have shelter great biodiversity of Bornean endemic species, endangered and Vulnerable species which we belief there are still other great species to be discover soon as Ezzami travel and tourism continuing its effort widening the flora fauna survey not just for Eco tourism but for our contribution, responsibility to protect our Brunei owned natural forest biodiversity in related to the Heart of Borneo initiative which manage by the local community at Kampong Kiudang Mungkom, Tutong District.


No:1-6, 1st Floor,
Bangunan Haji Sulaiman,
Sengkurong BC1121,
Bandar Seri Begawan,
Negara Brunei Darussalam

Phone: +673 2660365
HP: +673 8640380